The city is in the southern part of the Plain of Plovdiv, an alluvial plain that forms the western portion of the Upper Thracian Plain.
From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south.
Three of them are called the Three Hills (Bulgarian: Plovdiv has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with considerable humid continental influences.
There are four distinct seasons with large temperature jumps between seasons. The average number of days with snow coverage in Plovdiv is 15.
On average there are 33 days with mist during the year.
This happened with the help of the Municipal Foundation "Plovdiv 2019″, a non-government organization, which was established in 2011 by Plovdiv's City Council whose main objectives were to develop and to prepare Plovdiv's bid book for European Capital of Culture in 2019.
Numerous nations have left their traces on the twelve-metre-thick (39-foot) cultural layers of the city.
The earliest signs of habitation on the territory of Plovdiv date as far back as the 6th millennium BCE.
There are many preserved ruins such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre, a Roman odeon, a Roman aqueduct, the Plovdiv Roman Stadium, the archaeological complex Eirene, and others.
The oldest American educational institution outside the United States, the American College of Sofia, was founded in Plovdiv in 1860 and later moved to Sofia.